Vitamins, minerals and trace elements are essential nutrients that play a key role in many bodily functions. Although they are needed in very small quantities, their absence can lead to deficiencies and health disorders.
The B complex
B complex is a group of B vitamins that includes thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), l folic acid (B9) and cobalamin (B12). These vitamins are important for energy production, growth and development, maintaining healthy skin, hair and nails, and nerve function.
Vitamin C, D, E and K
Vitamin C is an important antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. It is also involved in the production of collagen, a protein that helps maintain healthy skin, bones and joints, as well as iron absorption.
Vitamin D is important for healthy bones and teeth because it helps with calcium absorption. It is also involved in the regulation of muscle and immune function.
Vitamin E is another important antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. It is also involved in the regulation of immune function and skin health.
Vitamin K is important for blood clotting and bone health.
Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus
Calcium is important for healthy bones and teeth, as well as regulating muscle, nerve and heart function.
Magnesium is important for muscle and nerve function, as well as bone and tooth health.
Phosphorus is important for the formation and health of bones and teeth, as well as energy production.
Potassium and sodium
Potassium is important for the regulation of heart, muscle and nerve function, as well as bone and tooth health.
Sodium is important for regulating blood pressure and fluid balance in the body.
Zinc is important for healthy skin, hair, and nails, as well as regulating immune function and wound healing.
Copper and iron
Copper is important for red blood cell production, regulation of immune function, and healthy skin and hair.
Iron is important for red blood cell production and immune function, as well as energy production.
Selenium, manganese and chromium
Selenium is important for the regulation of thyroid function, skin, hair and nail health, and immune function.
Manganese is important for the formation and health of bones and cartilage, as well as energy production.
Chromium is important for blood sugar regulation and lipid metabolism.
In summary, vitamins, minerals and trace elements are essential nutrients that play an important role in many bodily functions. Different vitamins, minerals and trace elements have specific and interconnected roles, and deficiencies can lead to health disorders. A balanced and varied diet can help provide the nutrients needed to maintain good health.
It is important to note that supplementation with vitamins, minerals and trace elements may be necessary for some people, such as pregnant or breastfeeding women, the elderly or those with special nutritional needs. It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional to determine if supplementation is necessary and what amount is appropriate.